Sunday, February 26, 2017
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Glossary

To get a more in-depth description of any term in the Glossary, as well as a list of articles that relate to the term, just click on the term in the list of Terms below. You’ll be taken to a page that contains the Term, the Longer Description, and a list of articles related to that topic.

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Hand sanitizers, containing an alcohol-based cleaner that dries quickly, have become common in portable toilets (Jiffy Johns), where running water and paper towels may not be available. You will also see them in places like the entrance to grocery stores or other places where there are large crowds to cut down on the spread of germs, colds and flu. With research showing that a significant number of people do not wash their hands with soap and water after using the bathroom, an even more effective way to cut down on the spread of germs, increased use of hand sanitizers is believed to be a good back-up method.

HTML, which stands for Hypertext Markup Language, is a set of tags that printing or computer display software uses to interpret formatting instructions. Thus, when a user wants to put a word in boldface, using HTML, a tag is inserted before and after the word that software can read to display the word in bold type. Most editing computer systems give writers the choice of composing their documents by seeing the HTML code that is inserted or seeing only the text that will be displayed, with the HTML code in the background. Most computer display systems give users the choice, "View Source" if they want to see the HTML code behind the text displayed. HTML was adopted as a standard text markup language in the 1980s on computerized systems, replacing customized tagging systems that printers were using then.

HTML code, with paragraph and bold tags:

<p><b>Don't</b> touch that!</p> 

The interpretation of the line above:

Don't touch that!

Hyperthermia is overheating. It is used to describe the condition of a child who has been left in a closed car that is not air-conditioned in the summer. It may result in death.