Tuesday, October 17, 2017
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Glossary

To get a more in-depth description of any term in the Glossary, as well as a list of articles that relate to the term, just click on the term in the list of Terms below. You’ll be taken to a page that contains the Term, the Longer Description, and a list of articles related to that topic.

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Cancer is a cluster of diseases characterized by fast-growing cells that spread quickly throughout the body, overwhelming its natural defenses. It may be fatal. The various types of cancer are typically named after the part of the body where they first appear.

There is also a staging convention that indicates the severity of cancer, by Stage I, II, III, or IV, depending on whether it is localized to the primary site (Stage I) or in other sites distant from the primary site (Stage IV).

Although research suggests that nutrition is an important factor both in reducing the risk of getting cancer and of surviving it after diagnosis, there is still no definitive diet for cancer patients to follow. Foods that appear to reduce risk include fruits and vegetables with bright colors, such as carrots, sweet potatoes and blueberries. A lower intake of meat and reduced or eliminated alcohol, sugar, and processed meats are also suggested.

Cancer survivors traditionally have been considered those who have survived five years after diagnosis. More recently, the cancer community considers survivors those who have completed treatment.

Recommended amounts of chia seeds to eat a day vary from about three-quarters of a tablespoon (10 grams or one ounce) to two tablespoons (15 grams), according to the livestrong and Dr. Oz sites.

A condolence is an expression of sympathy, usually after the death of a family member or friend. It is usually in the plural, as in, "He offered his condolences to the family."

Cornholing is a popular beach or indoor game for young adults similar to the beanbag toss games popular in the 1950s. Organized and sometimes used to raise money for charities, there are now tournaments. The name is borrowed from a raunchy sexual term.


Also see: Cover Your Cough

Cover Your Cough is what parents used to direct their children to do when they coughed or sneezed, so as not to spread germs to others from the cough. Research since this advice was first promoted to parents suggests that many colds and flu are spread by contact with the hands, so now children are directed to cough or sneeze into their elbow or shoulder.

Cursive writing is script that links letters together without lifting the pen or pencil. It used to be taught starting in the second grade. It is now largely superseded by the use of keyboards, so most children, while they may learn cursive writing in school, largely print when they are writing by hand and not typing on a keyboard or texting on a cellphone.