Benchmarks.
A benchmark is a small part of a whole used to help estimate the whole or a standard by which other things are judged. The word is believed to come from using a mark on a bench to estimate the length of things or from the surveyor’s mark, a line used to form a benchlike angle.
Materials
 Pintsized Ziploc bag
 Quartsized Ziploc bag
 Gallonsized Ziploc bag
 Coins (or buttons or sand or water)
 Paper and pencil
 Optional: a quart and a gallon of milk
Instructions
 Fill up the pintsized Ziploc bag with coins
 Estimate how many coins it will take to fill the quartsized bag.
 Write down the estimate.
 Estimate how many coins it will take to fill the gallonsized bag
 Write down the estimate.
 Fill the quartsized bag. Count the coins. Compare to your estimate.
 Fill the gallonsized bag. Count the coins. Compare to your estimate
 Optional: estimate how many quarts are in a gallon of milk. Then fill the quart container with water, pour it in to the gallon container, and keep filling and pouring until the gallon is full. Compare to your estimate.
What Should Happen?
Your grandchildren will improve their estimating ability with practice. They will also start looking for other things to estimate using a benchmark.
Is a quart of milk or water the same volume as a coffee pot?
How many quarts of milk or water would fit into your largest baking pan?
How many would it take to fill your trash can?
If you counted the number of bricks in a small square on a wall, could you use this as a benchmark to estimate how many bricks are in the entire wall?
If you counted the number of flowers in a small area of a roadside garden, could you use this to estimate how many flowers are in the entire garden?
If you used a golf ball as a benchmark to represent the size of the earth, what would you use to represent the sun, the other planets?
Some other common benchmarks are a yardstick (3 feet), a dollar bill (6 inches), a football field (100 yards).
Why Is This Useful?
Benchmarks are used both in estimating and in setting standards.
In surveying, for instance, small obelisks that are known to be threefeet tall may be used as benchmarks to estimate the height of buildings.
In the computer industry, the speed at which a given computer program operates may be used as a benchmark to test the performance of other programs being considered to run on it or for new hardware.
Benchmarks for skills have been established to determine if children are growing at the expected rate or learning what they need at different ages or grades, such as turning over at four months of age or walking around a year.
Benchmarking is used in geocaching, using a point whose location is considered highly reliable, like a National Geodetic Survey disk marking latitude or longitude, height and orientation in the U.S. or U.S. Geological Survey elevation marker to help find other, less precise locations.
Thanks to learnzillion.com and motionmathgames.com for this activity.
This post was first published on grandmotherdiaries.com.
You can use any of a range of sizes of bags for this activity. But, if you want to be sure you are comparing the contents of pint bags, to quart bags to gallon bags, you can order Ziploc bags from amazon by clicking on the size you want.

Ziploc Freezer Bag (pint – 20count)

Ziploc Quart Freezer Bags – 54count

Ziploc Freezer Bag Gallon Value Pack, 30count
Carol Covin, GrannyGuru
Author, “Who Gets to Name Grandma? The Wisdom of Mothers and Grandmothers”
http://newgrandmas.com
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Information filled blog ~ excellent ~ thanks for coming by ~ carol, xxx
Thanks, Carol! It’s fun to play with these concepts and activities!
This post was linked to Grandmas Briefs http://www.grandmasbriefs.com/.....no82.html
I’ve said it before but you do make learning fun!
Thank you, Grandma KC! I especially like finding things in the real world you can manipulate to learn about the world.